Until the 1990s social policy played an integrative role in Canada, providing a counter-narrative to claims that federalism and diversity undermine the potential of social policy. Today, however, the Canadian model is under strain, reflecting changes in both the welfare state and the immigration-citizenship- multiculturalism regime. Federalism and the Welfare State in a Multicultural World illustrates that there are clear trends that, if unchecked, may exacerbate rather than overcome important social cleavages. The editors argue that if federalism and diversity challenge traditional models of the nation-building function of social policy, they also open up new pathways for social policy to overcome social divisions. Complacency about, or naive celebration of, the Canadian model is unwar- ranted, but it is premature to conclude that the model is irredeemably broken. Social policy is integral to mitigating divisions of class, region, language, race, and ethnicity, and its underlying values of solidarity and risk-sharing also make it a critical mechanism for nation-building. Whether social policy actually accomplishes these goals is variable and contested. The essays in this volume provide some timely answers. Elizabeth Goodyear-Grant is associate professor of political science at Queen’s University and the director of the Queen’s Institute of Intergovernmental Relations and the Canadian Opinion Research Archive. Richard Johnston is Canada Research Chair in Public Opinion, Elections, and Representation at the University of British Columbia. Will Kymlicka is Canada Research Chair in Political Philosophy at Queen’s University. John Myles is professor emeritus of sociology and senior fellow in the School of Public Policy and Governance at the University of Toronto. Canada is caught between two empires and between two constitutional systems. However, neither the British model of a “single sovereign” nor the American people’s “sacred fire of liberty” matched the pluralistic identity of Canada, so Canadians engaged in constitutional experimentation. In Canada and the Ethics of Constitutionalism Samuel LaSelva argues that, in order to understand the old Canada of Confederation and the new one that followed the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, it is necessary to see how dis- tinctive Canadian constitutionalism is and how that distinctiveness does not depend on borrowings from the British or American constitutional models. LaSelva supports his argument by exploring different aspects of Canada’s contribution to the ethics of constitutionalism including the limits of free expression, the Charter’s notwithstanding clause, the origins and functions of judicial review, the Quebec secession debate, Aboriginal self-government, and the conception of Canada as a multicultural and multinational mosaic. Through a careful consideration of how Canadian constitutional pluralism with its focus on the rights of others differs from American and British ideas, Canada and the Ethics of Constitutionalism provides engaging answers to contested questions about how Canada was founded and what it has become. Samuel V. LaSelva is professor of political science at the University of British Columbia. M Q U P F A L L 2 0 1 8 2 0 S P E C I F I C AT I O N S @daapO.ZG05t1fZ6rdCta.Z6asta.Z–Z61$005Z0)ZG05t1fZ6rdCta. November 2018 -i2l,l7788-l782lhZZu8-n-7vZbmU4Zu8-n-7vZA64Zg8,n99ZZ3o3as hZBZ-ZZch933ZZ a:00£ZoDot5oT5a S P E C I F I C AT I O N S December 2018 -i2l9lii87l778,l9ZZu8Sn-7vZbmU4Zu8Sn-7vZA64Zgchn--ZZ3o3as -i2l9lii87l7789l8ZZu,c9n996ZbmU4Zu,c9n996ZA64Zg-cn99ZZ150r$ hZBZ-ZZ8h233ZZZZZ a:00£ZoDot5oT5a Federalism and the Welfare State in a Multicultural World edited by elizabeth goodyear- grant, richard johnston, will kymlicka, and john myles A timely evaluation of Canadian social welfare policy. P O L I T I C A L S T U D I E S P U B L I C P O L I C Y ? P O L I T I C A L S T U D I E S Canada and the Ethics of Constitutionalism Identity, Destiny, and Constitutional Faith samuel v. laselva A new perspective on the Canadian Constitution that focuses on Canada’s distinctive contribution to con- stitutional ethics.
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